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Indian National Army

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Indian National Army - Lesson Summary

Forward Bloc
During the second wrorld war Subhash Chandra Bose was the president of Indian National Congress for the second time.Bose believed that free India was possible only with fight which was against to the Indian National Congress so, he resigned and started his own party called Forward Bloc.

He gave speeches against the British and got arrested. Becasue of some health problems the British placed him under house arrest. He escaped from there and reached Germany in 1941. He used Berlin radio station as a medium to ask the Indians to join the arm struggle against the British.

Formation of  Indian National Army
Nethaji found Germany was not much of a help he was invited by Rash Behari Bose, who was living in Japan since 1915. Rash Behari Bose was already organised a league called Indian Independent League in South East Asia.

In 1942, Japan conquered the teritories of  South East Asia which were under British control. Thousands of soldiers and officers of India in the British army became war prisoners of Japan.

Indian National Army
Rash Behari Bose took the help of Captain Mohan Singh to form a battalion with the Indian war Prisoners. This force was named as Indian National Army or Azad Hind Sena and led by Nethaji. Later in 1943,  Nethaj established the Azad Hind government in Singapore. The army had a women wing called  the Rani of Jhansi regiment its commander was  captain Lakshmi Swaminathan.

Victories of Indian National Army
Japan captured Andaman Nicobar islands and handed over it to Azad Hind government. Nethaji renamed these islands as  Shahid and Swarajya. In 1944, Indian National Army captured Burma and eastern boarders of Assam but  army ended its campaign as upplies were stopped from Japan

Decline of  Indian National Army
The British received support from the American army, which dropped atomic bomb on the Japnese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This forced Japan to surrender. Mean time Nethaji died on an air crash on 18th Aug, 1945. Due to this unexpected incident the Indian National army was forced to end its  struggle for independence. The Indian National Army's officers were sentenced to life time imprisionment. Protests and demonstrations were started all over the country against this and the officers were released.


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