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Nazism and the Rise of Hitler: An Introduction

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Nazism and the Rise of Hitler: An Introduction - Lesson Summary

The Second World War was the most destructive event of modern times and the first time when nuclear weapons were used. The warring countries were divided into two military alliances—the allied powers and the axis powers. The allied powers were led by the United States, the United Kingdom and France. The axis powers were led by Germany, Italy and Japan.

Germany was the reason for conflict led by Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist German Workers’ Party or the Nazi Party. Adolf Hitler was the leader of Germany from 1933 to 1945. During his government, Germany was called as Nazi Germany.

Nazi Germany followed the ideology called Nazism or National Socialism that promoted violent practices to restore German pride. In September 1939, to conquer more land and resources for Germany, Hitler invaded Poland, sparking off world war two.

In the end of World War in 1945, the Allied Powers demanded justice from the defeated Axis Powers, especially Germany. A Tribunal was set up in the German city of Nuremberg to prosecute Nazi leaders. Nazi Germany’s efforts to eliminate the Jews and other communities are referred to as genocidal crimes. The term Genocide was coined in 1944 to describe the act of destroying a community based on nationalism, racism, religion or ethnicity.

At the Nuremberg Trials Hitler and his Nazi government were accused of committing genocide against Jews. Hitler was not tried at Nuremberg because he committed suicide a month before world war two ended.

The genocide committed by Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945 is referred to as the Holocaust.

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