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Introduction to Food Security

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Introduction to Food Security - Lesson Summary

The purpose of food security is to ensure that everyone always have enough to eat. Food security exists when there is enough food available for all; the available food is accessible to all; and everybody can afford to buy sufficient food.

People living in poverty suffer from lack of food security most of the time as they cannot afford food. In situations of natural disasters like flood, drought and earthquake, the problem of food security assumes larger proportions and affects a larger number of people.

Natural calamities like flood and drought destroy crops and existing food stocks triggering a chain reaction. Destruction and a decrease in the production of food cause a decrease in the availability of food. A decrease in the availability of food causes food prices to rise. The rise in food prices decreases the affordability, and more people are unable to buy food.

A natural calamity affecting a large area for a long duration of time leads to starvation and conditions of famine.

A famine results in a large number of deaths due to starvation and epidemics that spread due to the forced use of contaminated food and water, and the loss of body resistance due to hunger. The worst famine in Indian history was the Bengal famine that hit the Bengal province of British India in 1943.

In India, deaths due to starvation are often reported from Kalahandi and Kashipur in Orissa, Baran in Rajasthan and Palamu in Jharkhand.

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