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Parliament And Its Two Houses

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Parliament And Its Two Houses - Lesson Summary

The Parliament is a national assembly of elected representatives of the people. The assembly of elected representatives of the people at the state level is called the legislature or the legislative assembly. The Parliament has the authority of enacting laws. It can add new laws, and change or abolish existing laws. National policy and important public issues are discussed and debated in the Parliament.

The Parliament consists of the Office of the President of India and two houses the Rajya Sabha or the Council of States, and the Lok Sabha or the House of the People. The Parliament can have 802 members.

The Rajya Sabha is the Upper House of the Parliament of India. It consists of 250 members of which 12 are nominated by the President of India. The remainder of the Rajya Sabha is elected by state and territorial legislatures. The term of office is 6 years, and 1/3 rd of the members retire every two years. The Vice President is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

The Lok Sabha is directly elected by the people of India. The Lok Sabha can have a maximum of 552 members, including 20 members from the Union Territories and 2 from the Anglo Indian community. The Speaker presides over the sessions.

Though the Rajya Sabha has some special powers, the Lok Sabha has supreme powers. The Lok Sabha can be dissolved by the President. Due to a large number of members, the view of the Lok Sabha matters a lot. Once the Lok Sabha passes the budget or a law related to money, the Rajya Sabha cannot reject it.


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