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Case Study - Democratic Constitution In South Africa

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Case Study - Democratic Constitution In South Africa - Lesson Summary

Prior to 1994, the South African government followed a system of apartheid. This system led to racial segregation between the Whites, Blacks, Coloureds and Indians. Under apartheid, the division of people was on the basis of their skin colour.

This system was oppressive towards all non-whites. They were not allowed to live in areas inhabited by the whites. They were not allowed to use the same transportation as the whites, the same hotels, hospitals, schools, colleges, theatres, beaches, swimming pools and even public toilets.

Nelson Mandela, the leader of the African National Congress, fought against the white South African government his entire life. He was imprisoned in 1964, and he spent 28 years in rigorous imprisonment, but continued opposing the apartheid regime. 

From 1950, the blacks and Indians, under the umbrella of the African National Congress led by Nelson Mandela fought against apartheid. Mandela was supported by some white South Africans who spoke against the unjust rule.

Finally, on the 26th of April, 1994, the new national flag of the Republic of South Africa was hoisted, making it one of the latest democracies in the world.

The apartheid government came to an end, giving way to the formation of a multi-party and multi-racial government. A constitution was drafted based on universal values that promoted democracy, social justice and human rights.

The South Africans call themselves ‘rainbow nation,’ because after apartheid ended, they accommodated people of all colours in their fold.


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