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People's Initiatives in Nationalism

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People's Initiatives in Nationalism - Lesson Summary

Mahatma Gandhi followed non-violence in all his actions and practices and his ideals were adopted by many during the protests and satyagrahas across India during the freedom struggle.

In Kheda district of Gujarat, poor farmers and peasants protested, through non-violent demonstrations, against the high taxes imposed by the British.

In the interiors of Tamil Nadu and in coastal Andhra Pradesh, protests were held outside liquor shops preventing people from entering it. Such protests are referred to as picketing.

While in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh, forest satyagrahas were held against the unjust forest laws of the British. In Sind and Bengal, the Khilafat Non-Cooperation Movement found the support of many peasants and traders.

In Punjab, the Sikhs started a movement to remove corrupt priests in gurudwaras supported by the British, whereas in Assam, tea plantation workers boycotted the plantations and declared that it was the wish of Gandhiji to do so.

The peasants of Pratapgarh in Uttar Pradesh stopped the practice of unlawfully removing tenants from the land they rented, and credited Gandhiji for their own efforts. Gandhiji was considered a messiah, who would help Indians sort all their problems. 


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