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Indian Independence and Partition

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Indian Independence and Partition - Lesson Summary

In August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi launched the Quit India Movement, advocating non-violence. While Congress leaders were in jail, Muslim League leaders mobilized the Muslims. The demand for an ‘independent Muslim state’ became vociferous; owing to the Hindu-Muslim communal tensions of the 1920s. The Muslims passed a resolution for the same in 1940s.

The Muslims were annoyed with the Congress for rejecting their demand to form a joint Congress-League government in the United Provinces after the 1937 elections. The Muslims gathered a huge support during the Quit India Movement, a time when most of the Congress leaders were in Jail.

Elections were held again in the provinces in 1946. The Congress was though successful in all the general constituencies, the Muslim League performed exceptionally well on the seats reserved for Muslims.

Talks between the Muslim League and the Congress failed twice, even with the mediation of the British. The Muslim League persisted in their demand for a new independent state, Pakistan, which the Congress rejected.

To protest, the Muslim League declared the 16 th August, 1946, as Direct Action Day in Calcutta, which resulted in riots.

Though India became independent on August 15, 1947, it was partitioned into two countries, namely India and Pakistan. During the partition, thousands of homes were looted and burnt, many people were killed.

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