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Indian Art During Colonial Period

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Indian Art During Colonial Period - Lesson Summary

Tipu Sultan encouraged artists to paint traditional paintings and not get influenced by the British. Mir Jafar and Mir Qasim encouraged local artists to adopt European techniques of paintings. The East India Company officials encouraged court artists to draw for them.

Kalighat, a pilgrimage centre in Calcutta, saw a lot of development in art in the 19 th century. The Kalighat artists created scroll paintings i.e. paintings made on a long roll of paper.

Influenced by imperial art, the artists began using shading techniques to give figures of a three-dimensional feel. After the 1840s, the Kalighat paintings evolved and focussed more on political and social life under the British.

These paintings were produced by produced by poor artists and the middle class Indians as well who owned printing presses.

With the spread of nationalism the paintings began to carry nationalist messages in them. The depiction of “Bharat Mata” or “Mother India” was the most popular one.

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