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Indian Views on Western Education

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Indian Views on Western Education - Lesson Summary

There were mixed views on the Western Education in India. However, Mahatma Gandhi was entirely against Western education. According to him, Western education created a sense of inferiority amongst Indians and eroded their faith in the richness of their own culture. He felt it was ineffective as it stressed on reading and writing rather than practical knowledge and experiences.

He envisioned a national education system that would help Indians to realize their self-worth and dignity. For this reason, he wanted education to be imparted in local languages rather than English. Rabindranath Tagore also disapproved of Western education. Tagore believed the rigid education system of British schools killed the natural creativity in a child.

Tagore set up an institution called Santiniketan in 1901, where children could be free to explore and learn about 100 kilometres away from Calcutta.

However, there were some differences in Gandhiji’s and Tagore’s views. While Gandhiji was absolutely against Western education and culture, Tagore wanted to combine the best elements of Western and Indian education and culture.

Therefore, along with art, dance and music, subjects like science and technology were also taught at Santiniketan.


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