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Information Technology

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Information Technology - Lesson Summary

Information Technology or ‘IT’ is the study, design and implementation of computer-based information systems. IT deals with the use of technology, i.e. the hardware and the software, to manage and process information. It enables the conversion, transmission, storage and retrieval of data.

The first state government in India to announce an IT Policy was Karnataka in 1992. Two important hubs for the IT industry in the world are Silicon Valley in California, USA, and Bangalore, which is called the Silicon Valley of India.

The main factors that influence the location of these industries are resource availability, cost and infrastructure.

Silicon chips are electronic equipments consisting of small crystals of silicon, a semiconductor, which is used to carry out a number of electronic functions in an integrated circuit.

San Jose and Bangalore are the leading centres for the IT industry owing to certain environmental advantages like a pleasant climate and a clean environment. The respective governments have allocated plenty of space for development and future expansion. Both cities have good infrastructure, highly skilled people and adequate financial resources.

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