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The Mughals

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The Mughals - Lesson Summary

The foundation of Mughal Empire in India was laid in the early 1500s when Babur gained control over parts of Sindh. In 1526, when Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the first battle of Panipat he laid the foundation for the Mughal Empire. 

The Mughal rulers proved that they were good administrators as from the latter half of the 16 th century, their kingdom extended from present-day Bangladesh in the east to Baluchistan in the west and Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south.

Babur‘s mother was a descendant of Genghis Khan, who invaded India during the rule of Illtutmish, and his father was a descendant of Timur, the ruler of Iran, Iraq and modern-day Turkey. The Mughals did not like the association with Genghis Khan but were very proud to have Timur as their ancestor. 


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