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Administration of Mughal Empire

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Administration of Mughal Empire - Lesson Summary

The Mughals followed the custom of co-parcenary inheritance, where parental property was divided equally among all the sons. As the Mughals became powerful, several rulers voluntarily submitted to their authority. Many Rajput rulers married their daughters into Mughal families to gain position in the Mughal courts.

To manage the vast empire and organize the army, Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system. Every officer was given a mansab or a rank, and was called a mansabdar. They were graded according to their rank, salary and military responsibilities which depended upon a numerical value, known as zat. The higher the zat, the higher was the rank and the salary of the mansabdar.

A mansabdar maintained a particular number of cavalrymen or sawars under him as a part of his military responsibilities. They received jagirs or land for their service, and the revenue collected from the jagirs was their salary.

The increase in the number of mansabdars led to an increase in the waiting period for jagirs, along with a shortage of jagirs. Tax from peasants was one of the main sources of income for the Mughals. Taxes were collected by intermediaries called zamindars. The revenue system in Akbar’s reign was called zabt.

Akbar also reformed Mughal currency, his aim to establish uniform coinage throughout his empire. 

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