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The Velds

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The Velds - Lesson Summary

South Africa is rich in natural resources, climatic environments and diverse ethnic groups. The temperate grasslands in South Africa are called the Veldts. The Veldts are a rolling plateau at an attitude of 600 metres to 1100 metres and stretch between the Drakensburg Mountains in the east, and the mighty Kalahari Desert in the west.

The Veldts are drained by the Orange, the longest river in South Africa, and the Limpopo river. The High Veldts are located at an altitude of about 1600 metres in the north-east.

The Veldts have a mild climate with warm and dry temperature. The moderate climate is because of the elevation of the plateau and the presence of oceans on three sides. 

This reason further makes the summers short and warm with moderate rainfall and the winters cold and dry, receiving scanty rainfall with the temperature between 5 and 10 degrees Celsius.

The temperate grasslands in South Africa have ideal conditions for animal grazing. The animals found in these grasslands are African elephants, lions and leopards, and the cheetah and the kudu and invertebrates like grasshoppers, termites, and beetles.

The primary occupation of people here is sheep rearing, dairy farming and mining. The wool extracted from the Merino sheep and the Angora goat is popular worldwide. The Veldts also have rich mineral deposits of iron, steel, coal, gold and diamonds.

Johannesburg, Kimberley and Pretoria are the important commercial cities where Johannesburg city is called the world’s gold capital and Kimberley and Pretoria are globally famous for its diamond mines.

The natural environmental in the Veldts are suitable for cultivating maize, wheat, oats, barley and potatoes in addition to cash crops like tobacco, sugarcane, and cotton. 

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