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Amazon Basin

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Amazon Basin - Lesson Summary

Climate also affects the natural vegetation and wildlife of a region. People the world over share the basic needs of life, which are food, clothing and shelter.

Tropical regions are located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The Amazon basin lies in the tropical regions that are located between the Tropic of Cancer, which is 23.5 degree north, and the Tropic of Capricorn, which is 23.5 degree south. 

While the Ganga-Brahmaputra basin lies in the sub-tropical regions that are adjacent to the tropical regions. Amazon is the world’s largest river in terms of the volume of water it holds. It is also the second longest river in the world, after Nile, which is in Africa.

The Amazon basin lies very close to the equator – between 10 degree north and 10 degree south. The regions lying on this belt are also known as equatorial regions.

Various tributaries join the Amazon River to form the Amazon Basin. The Amazon river flows across its source – the Andes mountains in Peru, all the way up to its mouth in Brazil, before flowing into the Atlantic Ocean.

As the equator passes through the Amazon basin, the region experiences hot and wet climate throughout the year.

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