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India and its Neighbours

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India and its Neighbours - Lesson Summary

India lies in the Northern Hemisphere, in the southern part of Asia. India extends from eight degree four minute North to thirty-seven degree six minute North latitudes and sixty-eight degree seven minute East to ninety-seven degree twenty-five minute East longitudes.
Because of its strategic location, India was an important part of the Silk Road, to trade silk from China to Rome. Due to its vast geographical expanse, India has diverse landforms - from islands to mountains, from deserts to sea-washed shores, and from high plains to uneven plateaus. Because of its diversity in ecological, social and cultural conditions, India is called a subcontinent.

The Indian subcontinent is also called a peninsula. A peninsula is a landmass surrounded by water on three sides. The Bay of Bengal lies on the eastern coast, while on the western side India is bounded by the Arabian Sea. On the south, India is surrounded by the Indian Ocean.

The fourth side, that is, Northern India is bound by the Great Himalayas, the highest mountain range in the world.

India shares its land boundaries with seven countries:
  • Pakistan,
  • Afghanistan,
  • China including Tibet,
  • Nepal,
  • Bhutan,
  • Bangladesh,
  • Myanmar,
  • Sri Lanka and
  • Maldives

India and Sri Lanka are separated by a narrow channel of water, known as the Palk Strait. India, with some of its neighbours, has formed an economic and political organisation called the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

Currently the members of SAARC are India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.


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