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What is a Government?

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What is a Government? - Lesson Summary

The ‘Government’ is a body that exercises leadership, makes laws and rules and implements them on behalf of its citizens.

A government performs important functions like maintaining law and order, protecting boundaries, building infrastructure and providing healthcare facilities to its citizens.

There are essentially two systems of governments- monarchy and democracy. In the case of monarchy, the monarch or ruler makes all the decisions. The monarch may be assisted by a group of advisers.

Democracy allows people to choose their representatives. All legal majors irrespective of their gender, caste and creed can cast their votes to elect their representative from a given number of candidates. Several such representatives come together to form a democratic government.

A democratic government functions by passing laws and regulations to ensure that the decisions taken by it are respected by people.

Since these laws and regulations are not directly made by the people but their chosen representatives, democratic governments are also called representative democracies.

India has a democratic government that works at three different levels.  
  • The national level government
  • The state level government
  • The District level government


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