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Bee-Keeping and Fisheries

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Bee-Keeping and Fisheries - Lesson Summary

Animal husbandry includes bee-keeping and fisheries in addition to cattle and poultry farming. Bee-keeping, also known as apiculture, is the rearing of honeybees in artificial beehives called apiaries for the commercial production of honey. Honey is highly nutritious and an important constituent of several medicines. Also, the apiaries in which honeybees live and nurture their young ones are a source of beeswax. Beeswax is used in cosmetics and polish.

Due to the increasing demand for honey, bee-keeping is done both on a small scale and large scale. In small-scale bee-keeping, one or two apiaries are kept in verandas or on rooftops whereas in large-scale bee-keeping, many apiaries are used. As the quality of the honey depends on the pasture available near the apiaries bee-keeping is usually practised near fruit plantations and cultivated fields. Honeybees act as pollinators by helping crops like sunflower during flowering. In turn, they get nectar from the flowers. As a result, farmers get a high yield in terms of crops as well as honey. The most commonly reared honeybee species is Apis indica, also called the Indian bee. Although bee-keeping is easy it does require some knowledge and training that is provided by certain organisations.

Some tips to be kept in mind are knowing the nature of the honeybees selecting a desirable location for the beehives controlling swarms managing beehives during different climatic conditions and collecting honey and beeswax. Following these tips will help carry out bee-keeping successfully.
 
Fisheries are another part of animal husbandry and relates to the rearing, catching and selling of aquatic animals such as fish and shellfish. As fish contain more proteins and less fat, they are preferred to other meats. Most commonly eaten freshwater fish include catla, rohu and the common carp while marine fish include hilsa, mackerel and pomfret. Fisheries also provide products such as cod liver oil, which is a nutritional supplement and pearl oysters that have commercial value. Consequently, it forms the livelihood of many people in coastal areas of India.

As seafood like fish, prawn, crab and lobster are always in demand several techniques like aquaculture and pisciculture are employed to increase their yield. Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants for food whereas pisciculture refers specifically to fish farming. This dramatic increase in seafood production was called the Blue Revolution compared to the Green Revolution that brought about an increase in agricultural production.

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