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MTP and STDs

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MTP and STDs - Lesson Summary

Pregnancy is one of the most wonderful experiences for a woman. However, if one gets pregnant as a result of rape, casual, unprotected coitus or failure of contraceptives used during coitus,it could turn out to be a harrowing and distressing experience.  Under such circumstances, many women opt for medical termination of pregnancy or MTP. Also called induced abortion it is advised if the child being born with severe physical or mental disability. Things started changing during the late ’50s and ’60s, when demographers raised concerns about India’s spiralling population. The demographers’ calls for liberalisation of abortion policies found support from doctors who were alarmed by rampant illegal abortions. To address the situation, the Indian government formed the Shantilal Shah Committee in 1964. Acting on the recommended of this committee, the Indian government passed the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971, that paved the way for liberalised abortion laws. The MTP Act states that an abortion can be carried out only by an approved doctor. This is because an abortion of up to 12 weeks of pregnancy is far less risky than on one carried out for a pregnancy of more than 12 weeks. However, abortions of pregnancies beyond 20 weeks are prohibited under the MTP Act unless the pregnancy poses a threat to the mother’s life.
They are also being educated about how to avoid pregnancies by using contraceptive such as condoms and the pills. Condoms can also protect from sexually transmitted diseases.
Different STDs are caused by different pathogens. Chlamydiasis and gonorrhoea, for instance, are bacterial infections. Trichomoniasis, is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis whereas HIV, is caused by the Human Immuno Deficiency Virus. In most cases, people suffering from STDs show symptoms such as itching, fluid discharge, swellings in the genital region as well as pain during sexual intercourse.
Timely detection and appropriate treatment can make a person completely free of most STDs. However, there are a few exceptions like Hepatitis- B, genital herpes and HIV infections that cannot be cured.
STDs, which are widely prevalent in people who are aged between 15 and 24, can be prevented if one takes simple precautions such as using condoms and avoiding sex with unknown or multiple partners. We are responsible for our own health and simple things such as the use of condoms can keep STDs at bay.

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