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Uncertainty In Measurement

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Uncertainty In Measurement - Lesson Summary

In scientific notation, any number can be represented as N*10 n, where n is an exponent having positive or negative values, and N is a coefficient that can vary between 1-10. If the average value of measurements is close to the correct value, the measurement is said to be accurate.




  Values of measurement close to each other          →




Average value is not close to the corresct value   →       Person B           100           101           102           103           104           102


If the values of measurement are close to each other and close to their average value thus, the measurement is said to be precise. It is important to indicate the level of certainty and uncertainty in any measurement as it will affect the output or result of the experiment.

The certainty and uncertainty in a measurement is indicated through the use of significant figures. Significant figure is the total number of digits in a number, including the last digit whose value is uncertain.

Ex:  Number  Number of Significant Figures    897  Three    0.23   Two    9.87   Three  Number  Number of Significant Figures   0.0325   Three
If the last digit is greater than 5, then proceeding number is increased by one.
Ex: 7.46  It can be written as 7.5

Dimensional analysis is used to convert a given quantity from one type of unit to another unit.

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