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Satyagraha - Ideals and Implementation

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Satyagraha - Ideals and Implementation - Lesson Summary

Mahatma Gandhi infused a new life into the Indian Freedom Movement and had successfully used Satyagraha and non-violence in South Africa.
 
Satyagraha literally means an appeal for truth and is passive resistance used powerfully to appeal to the conscience of the oppressor.
 
Mahatma Gandhi successfully organised Satyagraha Movements in different parts of India.  Mahatma Gandhi used the concept of Satyagraha for mass mobilisation and political movements against the injustice of the government.
 
In 1916, Mahatma Gandhi visited the poor peasants of Champaran district in Bihar. The British used to force the peasants of Champaran to cultivate indigo instead of food crops.
 
The villages in Champaran were very unhygienic and affected by social evils like the pardah system and untouchability. Mahatma Gandhi started a drive to improve the infrastructure of villages in Champaran. He started a Satyagraha movement against the oppression of peasants.
 
In 1917, Mahatma Gandhi visited the Kheda district in Gujarat people of which were also stricken with poverty and social evils.
 
Mahatma Gandhi along with Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, garnered mass support and organised a Satyagraha against the tax burden.
 
Another Satyagaraha movement was organised by Mahatma Gandhi in Ahmedabad in 1918 to support the demands of the cotton mill workers.
 
Successful implementation of Satyagraha motivated the Indians and also paved the way for the other nationalist movements in future.

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