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Water Scarcity

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Water Scarcity - Lesson Summary

Water scarcity is the lack of sufficient available water resources to meet the demands of water usage within a region.

The increase in water demand is a contribution of various factors including growing population, increased agricultural needs, industrial use  and  for electricity production.

Large amounts of industrial pollutants dumped in the rivers are responsible for destroying and leading to water shortage of the whole planet.

Pesticides and fertilizers used in agriculture also get mixed with water bodies and pollute them.
Overuse of tube wells for irrigation and use of bore wells for  domestic use also leads to over exploitation of underground water , decreasing the level  water table  resulting in water scarcity.

The problem of water waste is severe in countries where people are using the traditional inefficient irrigation methods for  agricultural land.

Government should invest to build more dams to fulfil the water demands and reduce the water shortage


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