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Role of Administration

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Role of Administration - Lesson Summary

On national level, the role of the administration is to initiate rescue and relief operations depending on the gravity of the disaster. At the Central level, the Government has nominated nodal ministries to manage various types of disasters which help in streamlining rescue operations.

The National calamity management committee is controlled by the Cabinet Secretary. The calamity management group also is responsible for disaster management and functions under the Central Aid Commissioner.

Technical support is provided by organizations like the Central Weather Science Department (for cyclone and earthquake), Defence Research and Development Organisation and the Civil Defence General Director.

At the State Level, a committee under the Chief Minister or the Chief Secretary views and takes care of relief operations. At the district level, the District Magistrate and the District Administration are responsible for executing relief operations.

The Block Development Officer manages the operations at the block level in case of any disaster. At the village level, the Sarpanch of a village heads the disaster management committee and assists the various organizations working in the field.

The various institutions involved in disaster management at different levels throughout the country are the United Nations Disaster Management Team (UNDMT), Indian Armed Forces, National Cadet Corps (NCC), Civil Defence, National Service Scheme (NSS), Nehru Youth Centre, Home Guards along with some volunteers from the private sector and media.

To increase awareness among people, a course for disaster management has been introduced in schools, technical colleges, training and higher academic courses. The government passed the National Disaster Management Act (DM Act) in 2005 having a holistic approach to disasters that cover -prevention, mitigation, capacity-building, preparedness, assessment and rehabilitation.


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