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Disasters Involving Modes of Transport

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Disasters Involving Modes of Transport - Lesson Summary

Human disasters include accidents that occur while traveling by road, rail and air. Speeding, drunk driving and inadequate use of helmets, seat belts and child restraints in vehicles are the main reasons for road accidents in India.

Measure to prevent road accidents:
  • Follow traffic rules
  • Legal age to start driving is 18. Start only when you are competent and legally allowed to drive
  • Strictly follow the rules.
  • No talking on cell phones while driving, following the speed limit and using helmets when riding bikes.

A number of accidents occur on the highways generally involving trucks. Truck drivers in India need to be educated about traffic rules and the authorities need to be strict about enforcing these. Train accidents are usually caused by derailment, signal failure or fires caused by inflammable material.

Rules to prevent train accidents:
  • Avoid smoking in trains and never carry an inflammable material
  • Pay attention to signals, and look out while crossing unmanned level crossings

Air travel has gained popularity in recent years due to the introduction of low cost carriers. Plane accidents occur due to human error as well as extreme climactic conditions. Some human-made air disasters can be caused by poor maintenance of the aircraft, fire outbreaks and tired or inexperienced pilots. There are also eventualities like hijacking.

Rules to prevent air accidents:
  • On boarding, listen carefully to the instructions given in the plane
  • Look out for the nearest emergency exits and understand how they work

Disasters involving road, rail and air are usually caused by human errors and can be easily avoided by following rules and regulations.


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